For mild to moderate sleep apnea in people who cannot tolerate the "contraption that blows air into the mouth," there is another alternative. Mandibular advancement devices are mouthpieces that bring the lower jaw forward and help open up the airway.
PAUL S. ALLEN
The Rage in France
I found your cover photo illustrating "Europe's New Agony" [November 21] to be inappropriate. How is the threatening face you put on the cover emblematic of the problems facing the featured minorities in France? On top of that, you led off the photo essay on the same subject with a picture featuring pot-smokers. Anyone who prefers to place the blame on the jobless and disadvantaged must have loved your choices. But the jobless and disadvantaged didn't cause the problems; racism endemic in society did. The situation in France is similar to that in the United States, where race still makes a big difference, whether people want to admit it or not.
The riots in France are a frightening look into the potential human pool of the new jihadist generation. Loretta Napoleoni, an expert on international terrorism and author of the new book Insurgent Iraq: al-Zarqawi and the New Generation, says it is likely that the newest generation of jihadists does not have direct links to Osama bin Laden; most of its members have not traveled to Afghanistan; they have not been trained in warfare in al Qaeda camps. Many have been born in Europe and carry European passports. Their indoctrination, according to Napoleoni, has taken place inside European mosques and private houses, in university prayer rooms, among groups of friends and family members.
BRIGID O' ROURKE
"Is Paris burning?" was a familiar expression during World War II. Sixty years ago, the visible, ruthless, and sinister enemies that threatened were Nazism and Fascism. What caused Paris to burn recently were enemies that are equally visible, ruthless, and sinister: poverty, unemployment, discrimination, intolerance, isolation, and bigotry. Thanks to the U.S. government's economic agendas of either a trickle-down or an ownership society, the same ingredients can be found festering in America. America is fast becoming the class-conscious society that it fought against in the last quarter of the 18th century.
DOUGLASS A. ROBINSON
Thank you for an insightful report on the problem France has experienced as a result of the influx of legal immigrants of different races, colors, and cultures to do the menial work during a time of growth. They stayed and formed families, but many did not assimilate and now have been marginalized. Should we be surprised some years hence if we have similar problems if our economy goes slightly south and those millions of illegal immigrants crossing our southern border are out of work and no longer wanted? We wrong them and ourselves by not addressing this potential problem now.
How is it possible for European Muslims to justify participation in riots and civil unrest of such magnitude in their demand to be treated as equal citizens, which is their right, yet fail to grant equal status to their own women?