Until now, child crash dummies have just been smaller sized versions of adult dummies,” Arbogast says. “But their body composition is much different from an adult’s. They are developing organisms, and this can make them much more vulnerable to certain injuries in a crash than an adult.”
CChIPS also has sponsored a number of studies related to teen driving safety, including research on distracted driving and the impact of attention deficit disorder medications, which apparently results in “a significant improvement in driving performance,” according to Winston.
More recently, scientists at The Children’s Hospital in collaboration with State Farm Insurance Companies, released a report examining the effects of teen driving accidents on society, showing that the impact reaches far beyond teen drivers’ families and friends. In 2008, for example, more than half a million people were nvolved in crashes where a teen driver was behind the wheel. More than 40,000 were injured, and nearly 30 percent of those who died in these crashes were not in the cars driven by teens, according to the study.
In addition to State Farm, and NSF, CHOP’s Center for Injury Research and Prevention receives financial support from the Association of Global Automakers, the CDC, National Institutes of Mental Health, and others.
The NSF-supported Center for Childhood Injury Prevention Studies is funded by its industry advisory board members, which include Britax Child Safety Inc., Dorel Juvenile Group Inc., Evenflo Company Inc., General Motors Holdings LLC, Honda R&D Americas Inc., the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Nissan Technical Center North America Inc., Realtime Technologies, Inc., State Farm Insurance Companies, TK Holdings Inc., Toyota Motor Manufacturing of North America Inc. and Volkswagen Group of America Inc.
“There are a lot of players out there who really care about child injury,” Winston says.
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