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In 1968, Vice President Hubert Humphrey (who had replaced Robert F. Kennedy on the Democratic ticket following his assassination months earlier) lost to former Vice President Richard Nixon, 191 electoral votes to 301. The popular vote was much closer, as Nixon beat Humphrey by just half a million votes. Former Alabama Gov. George Wallace, running as an independent, garnered 13.5 percent of the popular vote, winning five southern states for 46 electoral votes.