The Senate Votes to Take Up Immigration

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Here’s the Senate roll call on cloture on the immigration bill, 64 to 35 in favor of considering the bill. Of National Review's list of seven senators who could block "amnesty," six—Bond, Brownback, Burr, Coleman, Ensign, and Webb—voted for cloture, while Cochran voted against.

I separate the “no” voters into four categories.

Democrats (10): Baucus, Bayh, Byrd, Dorgan, Landrieu, McCaskill, Rockefeller, Sanders, Stabenow, Tester. Seven come from states with very low immigration levels and that voted for George W. Bush in 2004: Montana (Baucus and Tester), Indiana (Bayh), North Dakota (Dorgan), West Virginia (Byrd and Rockefeller), Missouri (McCaskill). One, Sanders of Vermont, is from a heavily Democratic state with low immigration levels. One, Stabenow of Michigan, is from a Kerry 2004 state with not very high immigration.

Southern conservatives (15): Alexander, Bunning, Chambliss, Coburn, Cochran, Corker, Cornyn, DeMint, Dole, Hutchison, Inhofe, Isakson, Sessions, Shelby, Vitter.

Mountain and Plains state conservatives (8): Allard, Barrasso, Crapo, Enzi, Grassley, Hatch, Roberts, Thune.

Coastal conservatives (2): Smith, Sununu.

Almost none of these senators come from a state with large proportions of immigrants—and, presumably, large constituencies in favor of the bill's legalization provisions. The exception is Texas, whose two senators voted no.

Here’s another way to look at it: Among senators up for re-election in 2008 (including the newly appointed John Barrasso of Wyoming, which becomes, I think, the first state with two Italian-American senators), the vote was 15 for cloture and 15 against, with Johnson of South Dakota not voting. Among senators up in 2010 or 2012, the vote was 49 for cloture and 18 against. Republicans up for re-election in 2008 vote 8 for cloture and 15 against, in contrast to Republicans up in 2010 or 2012, who voted 16 for cloture and 10 against. That can be taken as an indication that Republicans who have to face the voters soon are heeding the strong antibill sentiments of their base voters. There is less evidence of such influence among Democrats. Democrats up for re-election in 2008 voted 7 to 2 for cloture. Democrats up for re-election in 2010 or 2012 voted 33 to 8 for cloture.

My Sentiments Exactly

PowerLine's John Hinderaker on the top tabloid story of the day.

God in State Constitutions

I received the following E-mail, which struck me as surprising and interesting:

My friend Lowell Anderson forwarded me the below information describing how each of the 50 states begin their constitutions.

“God” is the popular reference.

FYI.

Charles A. Slocum

The Williston Group
15134 Williston Lane
Minnetonka, MN 55345
www.willistongroup.com Do you know the Preamble for your state?

Alabama 1901, Preamble. We the  people of the State of Alabama, invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish the  following Constitution ...


Al aska 1956, Preamble. We, the  people of Alaska, grateful to God and to those who founded our nation and pioneered this great land ...
Arizona 1911, Preamble. We, the  people of the State of Arizona, grateful to Almighty God for our liberties, do ordain this Constitution ...
Arkansas 1874, Preamble . We, the people of the State of Arkansas, grateful to Almighty God for the privilege of choosing our own form of  government ...
California 1879, Preamble. We, the People of the State of California, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom ...
Colorado 1876, Preamble. We, the  people of Colorado, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of Universe ...
Connecticut 1818, Preamble. The People of Connecticut, acknowledging with gratitude the good Providence of God in permitting them to enjoy ...
Delaware 1897, Preamble. Through Divine Goodness all men have, by nature, the rights of worshipping and  serving their Creator according to the dictates of their consciences …  
Florida 1885, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Florida, grateful to Almighty God for our constitutional liberty, establish this Constitution ...
Georgia  1777, Preamble. We, the people of Georgia, relying upon protection and guidance of Almighty God, do ordain and establish this Constitution ...
Hawaii 1959, Preamble. We, the people of Hawaii, Grateful for Divine Guidance ... Establish this Constitution ...
Idaho 1889, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Idaho, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings …
Illinois 1870, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Illinois, grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy and looking to Him for a blessing on our endeavors ...  
Indiana 1851, Preamble. We, the  People of the State of Indiana, grateful to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose our form of  government ...
Iowa  1857, Preamble. We, the People of the State of Iowa, grateful to the Supreme Being for the blessings hitherto enjoyed, and feeling our dependence on Him for a continuation of those blessings …
Kansas 1859, Preamble. We, the people of Kansas, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious privileges establish this Constitution ...
Kentucky 1891, Preamble. We, the  people of the Commonwealth are grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberties ...
Louisiana  1921, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Louisiana, grateful to Almighty God for the civil, political and religious liberties we  enjoy.
Maine  1820, Preamble. We the People of Maine acknowledging with grateful hearts the goodness of the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe in affording us an opportunity ... And  imploring His aid and direction ...
Maryland 1776, Preamble. We, the  people of the state of Maryland, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberty ...  
Massachusetts 1780, Preamble. We ... the  people of Massachusetts, acknowledging with grateful hearts, the goodness of the Great Legislator of the Universe ... In the course of His Providence, an opportunity and devoutly imploring His direction …
Michigan 1908, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Michigan, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of freedom establish this Constitution ...
Minnesota , 1857, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Minnesota, grateful to God for our civil and religious liberty, and desiring to perpetuate  its blessings:
Mississippi  1890, Preamble. We, the people of Mississippi in convention assembled, grateful to Almighty God, and invoking His blessing on our work ...
Missouri 1845, Preamble. We, the people of Missouri, with profound reverence for the Supreme Ruler of the Universe, and grateful for His goodness ... Establish this Constitution ...  
Montana 1889, Preamble. We, the people of Montana, grateful to Almighty God for the
blessings of liberty establish this Constitution ...
Nebraska  1875, Preamble. We, the people, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom ... Establish this Constitution ...
Nevada 1864, Preamble. We the people of the State of Nevada, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom establish this Constitution … 
New Hampshire 1792, Part  I. Art. I. Sec. V. Every individual has a natural and unalienable right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience ...
New Jersey 1844, Preamble. We, the people of the State of New Jersey, grateful to Almighty God for civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing on our endeavors ...
New Mexico 1911, Preamble. We, the People of New Mexico, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of liberty …
New York 1846, Preamble. We, the people of the State of New York, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings ...
North Carolina 1868, Preamble. We the people of the State of North Carolina, grateful to Almighty God, the Sovereign Ruler of Nations, for our civil, political, and religious  liberties, and acknowledging our dependence upon Him for the continuance  of those …
North  Dakota 1889, Preamble. We, the people of North Dakota, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, do ordain ...
Ohio 1852, Preamble. We the people of the state of Ohio, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and to promote our common …
Oklahoma 1907, Preamble. Invoking the guidance of Almighty God, in order to secure and perpetuate the blessings of liberty ... establish this …
Oregon 1857, Bill of Rights, Article I. Section 2. All men shall be secure in the Natural right, to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their consciences ...
Pennsylvania 1776, Preamble We, the people of Pennsylvania, grateful to Almighty God for the blessings of civil and religious liberty, and humbly invoking His guidance …
Rhode Island 1842, Preamble. We the People of the State of Rhode Island grateful to Almighty God for the civil and religious liberty which He hath so long permitted us to enjoy, and looking to Him for a blessing …
South Carolina 1778, Preamble. We, the people of the State of South Carolina grateful to God for our liberties, do ordain and establish this Constitution ...
South Dakota 1889, Preamble. We, the people of South Dakota, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberties …
Tennessee 1796, Art. XI.III. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their conscience ...
Texas 1845, Preamble. We the People of the Republic of Texas, acknowledging, with gratitude, the grace and beneficence of God ...
Utah 1896, Preamble. Grateful to Almighty God for life and liberty, we establish this Constitution ...
Vermont 1777, Preamble. Whereas all government ought to enable the individuals who compose it to enjoy their natural rights, and other blessings which the Author of Existence has bestowed on man
Virginia 1776, Bill of Rights, XVI. Religion, or the Duty which we owe our Creator can be directed only by Reason and that it is the mutual duty of all to practice Christian Forbearance, Love and Charity towards each other …
Washington 1889, Preamble. We the People of the State of Washington, grateful to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this  Constitution …
West Virginia 1872, Preamble. Since through Divine Providence we enjoy the blessings of civil, political and religious liberty, we, the people of West Virginia reaffirm our faith in and constant reliance upon God ...
Wisconsin 1848, Preamble. We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, domestic tranquility …
Wyoming 1890, Preamble. We, the people of the State of Wyoming, grateful to God for our civil, political, and religious liberties ... establish this Constitution.