Key events in Egypt since the 2011 uprising, as military chief announces run for president

The Associated Press

In this image made from video broadcast on Egypt's State Television, Egypt's military chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi speaks in a nationally televised speech, announcing that he will run for president, in Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, March 26, 2014. In a nationally televised speech, el-Sissi said he has resigned from the military. Wearing military fatigues, he said it was the last time he would wear it and that "I give up the uniform to defend the nation" and run in elections expected next month. (AP Photo/Egyptian State Television)

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By The Associated Press

CAIRO (AP) — Here are some key events from more than three years of turmoil and transition in Egypt:

— Feb. 11, 2011: Autocrat Hosni Mubarak steps down after 18-days of nationwide protests against his nearly 30 years of rule. The military takes over, dissolving parliament and suspending the constitution after the uprising, which left hundreds of protesters dead.

— Nov. 28, 2011_Feb 15, 2012: The Muslim Brotherhood wins nearly half the seats in multi-stage elections for the first post-Mubarak parliament, while ultraconservative Salafis take another quarter. The remainder goes to liberal, independent and secular politicians.

— June 14: The Supreme Constitutional Court orders the lower house of parliament dissolved on grounds the election rules were unconstitutional.

— June 17: Mohammed Morsi defeats Ahmed Shafiq, the last prime minister under Mubarak, with 51.7 percent of the vote in a runoff presidential election, taking office on June 30.

— Aug. 12: Morsi removes the defense minister and military chief, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi, and replaces him with Lt. Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi.

— Nov. 22: Morsi unilaterally decrees greater powers for himself, giving his decisions immunity from judicial review and barring the courts from dissolving an assembly charged with drafting a new constitution. The move sparks days of protests. Islamists hurriedly finalize a draft constitution and Morsi sets a Dec. 15 date for a referendum.

— Dec. 15, Dec. 22: Egyptians approve the constitution by referendum, with 63.8 percent voting in favor but turnout low.

— Jan. 26: Death sentences handed down on 21 people accused in taking part in deadly soccer violence the year before set off days of clashes between protesters and police in the Mediterranean city of Port Said, with dozens killed.

— Mar. 12: Egypt rejects an offer of a $750 million rescue loan from the IMF. In the coming months, fuel and electricity shortages stoke discontent, while a campaign called Tamarod, or "Rebel," gathers signatures calling for Morsi's removal and early presidential elections.

— June 30: On Morsi's anniversary in office, millions of Egyptians begin days of massive demonstrations demanding he step down, claiming he has abused his power. The military gives him 48 hours to reach an agreement with his opponents, but he vows to stay in power.

— July 3: El-Sissi announces Morsi's removal, installing Constitutional Court Chief Justice Adly Mansour as interim president. Tens of thousands of Morsi supporters camp out in two sit-ins in Cairo's streets demanding his return.

— July 8: Egyptian soldiers fire on Morsi supporters protesting outside a military facility in Cairo, killing over 50. Each side blames the other for starting the violence. Mansour sets a timeline for amending the constitution and electing a new president and parliament by mid-February. The Brotherhood refuses to participate in the process.

— Aug. 14: More than 600 people, mostly Morsi supporters, are killed when riot police clear the two pro-Morsi sit-ins in Cairo. Islamists retaliate by torching government buildings, churches and police stations.

— Aug. 19: Suspected Islamic militants kill 25 policemen in the Sinai Peninsula. Militant attacks escalate in Sinai over the following months, with shootings, bombings and suicide attacks against security officials and troops.

— Sept. 23: An Egyptian court orders the Brotherhood banned and its assets confiscated.

— Oct. 6: At least 51 are people killed when security forces and Islamist protesters clash during a national holiday.

— Oct. 9: The U.S. suspends delivery of tanks, helicopters and fighter jets to Egypt's military in a show of disapproval over the anti-Brotherhood crackdown.

— Nov. 4: Morsi is flown by helicopter from his secret detention place to a police academy in eastern Cairo to begin his trial for allegedly inciting violence, the first of several. Some charges against him carry the death penalty.