By DEREK GATOPOULOS, Associated Press
ATHENS, Greece (AP) — Greece's conservative-led coalition government said Monday it will use emergency powers to prevent teachers from disrupting university entrance exams as part of their planned strike action this month.
It is the third time this year that the government has used the emergency civil mobilization order — a measure normally reserved for natural disasters and other times of national crisis — to end a labor dispute in the crisis-hit country.
Government spokesman Simos Kedikoglou said Monday that the government took the decision under its "moral obligation" to safeguard the May 17-31 exams for school leavers and university candidates.
"We are dealing with a threat to the national interest," Kedikoglou told private Antenna television. "We cannot accept a situation that allows 100,000 children and their families to be held to ransom."
Teachers' unions had planned to start rolling strikes on May 17 to protest longer working hours and involuntary staff transfers.
The Greek Federation of Secondary Education State School Teachers, OLME, called the decision "extreme and undemocratic" and said it would challenge the order in court. The union, which is organizing a protest in Athens and other cities later on Monday, said it would review its strike plans on Tuesday.
Prime Minister Antonis Samaras signed the order, which took effect Monday, after taking similar action earlier this year to end strikes by workers at ferries services and Athens' subway train system.
Pay and staff cuts have become routine in the debt-strapped country, part of the budget austerity measures demanded by international rescue lenders who have kept Greece from defaulting on its debts since it lost bond market access in 2010.
The draconian cuts have seen Greece's minimum wage slashed and unemployment rise to 27 percent.
"We don't think this kind of martial law should be invoked when dealing with industrial relations," said Tom Jenkins, a senior advisor to the European Trade Union Confederation, based in Brussels, Belgium.
Greece's left-wing opposition leader Alexis Tsipras said the cuts were prompting the government to take increasingly autocratic measures.
"I think the first casualty of the bailout agreement is democracy," Tsipras told private Sto Kokkino radio. "Continual states of emergency do not allow for law and order but their collapse. This government is dangerous for democracy."
Eurozone finance ministers will meet in Brussels later Monday and are expected to approve the payout of new bailout installments to Greece after more austerity measures were approved last month, including provisions for the mass dismissal of civil servants.
"The government has made great efforts to fulfill the conditions to secure the disbursements," said Martin Koehring, an analyst at The Economist Intelligence Unit.
He said the Greek government hopes the loan payments will be made by the end of this week, as it has 5.6 billion euros ($7.27 billion) in bonds maturing next on May 20.
Even if the payouts were not agreed upon on Monday, Greece would not face default next week, Koehring noted.
"We expect that the government would be able to cover the financing gap by issuing Treasury bills which are, however, costly," he said.
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