Under Poland's young democracy and its painful transformation to a market economy, Glemp stressed the need to protect ordinary people who were losing jobs by the tens of thousands. He also campaigned to protect the Catholic faith, which for centuries was a defining feature for the Polish people, and which he believed to be threatened by lay attitudes coming from Western Europe.
People who knew him said he was open, friendly and attentive to the problems of others.
Glemp remained the head of the Polish bishops' conference until 2004, and retained the title of primate, the top leader, until 2009. His leadership largely coincided with the papacy of John Paul II, who was elected pope in 1979 and died in 2005, and whose words and first visit to Poland as pope in 1979 had inspired the Solidarity movement.
Glemp was awarded Poland's highest civilian distinction, the Order of the White Eagle.
Three days of funeral ceremonies will begin Saturday and he will be buried Monday at St. John's Arch Cathedral in Warsaw.
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