Israel claims the whole city as its capital.
Jerusalem's mayor has always been Jewish, partly because most east Jerusalem residents boycott elections, and east Jerusalem has little representation in city bodies.
Jerusalem's current mayor, Nir Barkat, is staging street naming ceremonies with much fanfare. Earlier this month, he dedicated Umm Kalthoum street, named after the famous Egyptian singer, and a performer warbled love songs as residents clapped their hands.
Barkat has said the aim is to "improve the quality of life" for the residents of east Jerusalem. But some residents have responded by vandalizing the new street signs, an indication of the mistrust that many feel toward the city's Jewish politicians.
The names are proposed by the communities and then must be approved by a municipal committee. The choices include the ordinary like "Orchard Street," along with famed Arab historical figures and the names of clans settled in the neighborhoods.
Meir Margalit, a liberal city council member who is often critical of the municipality's policies, said the residents believe the naming committee will reject suggestions that seem too political, so they refrain from offering them.
Margalit said the new names have also had some undesirable consequences: Some residents have complained they are receiving heaps of old bills, now that they live on streets that can be found.
Darwish Musa Darwish, the community leader of the east Jerusalem Issawiyeh neighborhood, said most residents are pleased with the clarity brought by the new names. He acknowledged much work remains to be done in east Jerusalem, but "if I have an address and a street name, it's a sort of progress."
Larger problems remain.
"The municipality doesn't provide us with services," complained Hamoudeh Siam, who owns a shop in the Silwan neighborhood. "Instead of naming the streets, let them come clean them."
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