But as of Friday, fewer than 30 have been granted asylum, said Ashraf chief spokesman Shahriar Kia.
"It is clear that for Camp Ashraf residents, there is no future inside Iraq," the U.N.'s chief envoy to Iraq, Martin Kobler, told reporters Saturday. "It is better for them if they find a relocation outside the country in a third country."
Mindful of the continued tensions between the two sides, Kobler said: "Everybody should open a new page between Camp Ashraf residents and the government of Iraq."
Camp Liberty now is being renamed Camp Hurriyah, which means "freedom" in Arabic. It sits next to Baghdad's international airport and was a sprawling U.S. Army base until the American military withdrew from Iraq in December.
The Ashraf residents fear it will be a cramped "prison" where they will be barred from moving around and lack clean water, security and free medical services.
An Associated Press photographer allowed Friday into one of the areas of Camp Liberty where the exiles will live described it as surrounded by concrete blast barriers to protect about 140 temporary buildings that each will house nine people. There is a refrigerator and an air conditioner in each building, and portable bathrooms and a dining hall on the compound that will be guarded by Iraqi army soldiers.
It's not clear what international legal protections the exiles have. After Saddam fell, the U.S. military gave the residents protected status under the Geneva Conventions, but that agreement expired in 2008 and the responsibilities were turned over to the Iraqi government.
The International Committee of the Red Cross in Geneva oversees whether nations are complying with the Geneva treaties, and repeatedly has urged Iraq to treat the Ashraf residents with dignity. Exiles who are eligible for asylum are considered refugees with protected status.
Associated Press Writer Sameer N. Yacoub and Photographers Karim Kadim and Hadi Mizban contributed to this report.
Follow Lara Jakes on Twitter at www.twitter.com/larajakesAP
Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.