Why Britain Increasingly Worries About Pakistani Terrorism

Authorities see home-grown threats inspired by the politics and radicalism in distant South Asia.

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The "hearts and minds" educational element of the pact is a good idea, Shaikh says, because many Pakistani children are subjected to Islamist "brainwashing" at the more radical mosque schools, or madrasahs. The problem, however, could be getting the materials and teachers to where they're most needed. Many of the worst-offending madrasahs are in the country's vast tribal areas that border Afghanistan, a mountainous, inhospitable nether world where al Qaeda and the Taliban are resurgent.

Britain says it wants to help Pakistan root out and quash its terrorist camps; it also wants permission for British police to pursue terrorist suspects in Pakistan. "That's not likely to happen," Price says, because Pakistan's intelligence network probably won't cooperate.

Elements within Pakistan's powerful Inter-Services Intelligence agency and its military are suspected of abetting some terrorist factions, particularly Lashkar-e-Taiba, in the past.

Zardari has pledged that he won't allow Pakistan to become a terrorist launching pad. "But so far he's been unwilling or unable to crack down" on the extremists, Shaikh says.

And that's a home-grown problem for both Zardari and Brown.