"I came back from Tanzania with the idea that I no longer just wanted to be a physician, but a physician that is not only culturally sensitive but deals with more global health issues and global health inequities," Whiteley said.
Rhodes Scholarships were created in 1902 by the will of British philanthropist Cecil Rhodes and have a value of about $50,000 per year.
The American students will join an international group of scholars selected from 14 other jurisdictions around the world. About 80 scholars are selected each year.
Associated Press writers Alex Dominguez in Baltimore; Michelle Janaye Nealy in Chicago; Meg Kinnard in Columbia, S.C.; Kristi Eaton in Sioux Falls, S.D.; and Steve Karnowski in Minneapolis contributed to this report.