Quiz: The Supreme Court and Its Justices How much do you know about the current and former Supreme Court justices? March 12, 2009 Comments SHARE Who was the first chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court? John Rutledge Oliver Ellsworth John Jay John Marshall Who was the only president to go on to serve on the Supreme Court? Millard Fillmore William Howard Taft James Polk John Tyler When the Judiciary Act of 1789 first established the Supreme Court, how many justices did it mandate? 5 6 9 12 Who is the longest-serving justice in the history of the Supreme Court? William Douglas Hugo Black William Brennan Roger Taney Who was the oldest justice to serve on the court? Harry Blackmun John Paul Stevens William Rehnquist Oliver Wendell Holmes Who was the youngest justice to serve on the court? Benjamin Robbins Curtis Clarence Thomas Joseph Story Samuel Freeman Miller Who was the first Jewish justice? Arthur Goldberg Benjamin Cardozo Felix Frankfurter Louis Brandeis Which of these justices was not nominated by a Democrat? Thurgood Marshall John Paul Stevens Ruth Bader Ginsburg Byron White From which law school did five current justices graduate? Yale Columbia Harvard Northwestern Click here for the answers.