But sometimes these changes were not clearly communicated to the people in the field. The report found evidence that the military used interrogation techniques that may have been prohibited under military policies at the time. Among those is a method known as "short shackling," in which a detainee is chained to the ground and cannot stand up. Though short shackling had initially been considered a permissible "stress position," the Defense Department banned it in 2003.
Yet according to the inspector general's report, in 2004, FBI agents witnessed at least one detainee chained in a hunched position for three to four hours, urinating on himself. But even the FBI agents did not realize the chaining was no longer permitted. It wasn't until later that year that the technique was explicitly banned at Guantánamo.