An Historian's Take on Abraham Lincoln as Vampire Hunter

Civil War president might have been entertained, but revered law over battle ax.

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This film image released by 20th Century Fox shows Benjamin Walker portraying Abraham Lincoln in a scene from "Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter."

No one should expect historical accuracy out of Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter. After all, the movie, based on a 2010 book of the same title, decides that for Lincoln saving the union wasn't good enough. Arguably the greatest president in American history needs to defeat a nation of vampires to really draw in the box office crowds.

But is this movie just another harmless dose of over-the-top, history-on-steroids, gore fest that comes with the summer movie season, or does it pose some serious harm to Lincoln's legacy?

"Some of the underlying themes were rather disturbing," explains Vernon Burton, a Clemson professor and author of The Age of Lincoln. The movie depicts the president sending Americans into a "'leaders know best' war against vampires," as Burton describes it.

According to Burton, who saw the film in its opening week, one of Lincoln's greatest strengths was his ability to articulate what Americans were fighting for, especially as the Civil War evolved from a conflict to preserve the union to a war to end slavery. He says Lincoln would not want people to fight a war they didn't understand.

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"Lincoln's philosophy is rule of law," said Burton. So to portray him as an ax-wielding vigilante who slaughters vampires by night is "ironic," at the very least. "It's something Lincoln would not like," he added.

In the film, a young Abraham Lincoln learns to hunt vampires to avenge his mother's death before deciding to climb the political ladder. Once he makes it to the Oval Office, Lincoln must reunite with his trusty battle ax, as the Confederate Army has made a deal with the vampires. For, you see, in addition to being blood-sucking, ravenous, and generally creepy (the movie isn't very creative in its interpretation of the vampire myth), the monsters are also propagating the existence of slavery, as slaves make for the perfect victims to feed their demonic bloodlust. Thus the Civil War becomes a battle not just to defeat the rebel forces and to end slavery, but to save the nation from being overrun by befanged ghouls.

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The movie tries to use vampires as a symbol for the stranglehold slavery had on the young democracy. "Slavery was our national sin," said Burton, who said the connection works in that "the nation sucked the blood out of Africans for its wealth." However, in posing vampires as the villains behind the crime of slavery, the film risks "letting the South and the United States off," freeing it from blame for the practice.

"The book did some clever things," said Burton. "I was excited to see the movie. The book had potential." He said the film version was oversimplified, and he worried viewers would make too much of what he and other historians often call the "Oliver Stone school of history."

Burton saw one small redeeming aspect in the film in its positive portrayal of Mary Todd Lincoln.

"She has had a bad rap," Burton explains. "Her and her husband were a partnership. He really liked her and enjoyed her intellectually."

"The historical story of Lincoln is more interesting, intriguing, and bigger than the mythical creation of a vampire hunter, and more important," said Burton. "Let's hope people go to find the true history."

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  • Tierney Sneed is associate editor of U.S. News Opinion. E-mail her at tsneed@usnews.com and follow her on Twitter.