1597—Shakespeare's The Merry Wives of Windsor is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance.
1635—The first public school in the United States, Boston Latin School, is founded.
1928—American child actress Shirley Temple is born.
1968—Students protesting the Vietnam War at Columbia University take over the administrative buildings, forcing the university to shut down.
1984—Scientists find the AIDS virus, a variant of a known human cancer virus called HTLV-3.