Of course, LGBT groups have not entirely given up on seeing that binational same-sex couples have the same rights as heterosexual couples who sponsor their partner in the hopes of obtaining a green card. Many are optimistic that if the Supreme Court rules that the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional, the issue will be resolved because the federal government would be forced to recognize state marriage laws. If DOMA isn't overturned, however, Ralls says that he's optimistic that Leahy might consider introducing the amendment on the Senate floor when the immigration bill gets a vote.
"Obviously we have a bit of a competing timelines between the Supreme Court and the Senate," Ralls says. "We will want to work with Sen. Leahy to look at the options for adding the amendment to the floor. He has said he was determined. If we needed the measure included, we would find a way to do it."