For its part, it's no secret the government wants more leeway to get information about users. A February story by The Washington Post revealed that the National Security Administration has lobbied the White House for "unprecedented government monitoring of routine civilian Internet activity," but were rebuffed because of privacy concerns.
Rogers said that the data shared between companies and the government is unlikely to be "content driven" and that "it's really zeros and ones" being shared—not personal E-mails or Facebook messages. But concerned Internet users say the bill needs to be more defined. The Congressmen sponsoring the bill champion the fact that it's just 13 pages long, but its clauses have plenty of interpretations.
"Congress should take steps to improve cyber security defenses, but it has to realize it has to be more careful and cautious," Dempsey says. "People really do care deeply about not having the government control the Internet, and the government intrusion into the technology is really the overarching issue."