1. Richard Green Lugar was born in Indianapolis, Ind., on April 4, 1932, to Bertha Lugar, a homemaker, and Marvin Lugar, a farmer and a livestock broker.
2. Lugar majored in economics at Denison University in Granville, Ohio. He graduated first in his class and became a member of the Phi Beta Kappa honor society in 1954.
3. After college, Lugar studied politics and economics at Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar and earned his Masters in 1956.
4. In 1957, Lugar volunteered for the U.S. Navy; he served as an intelligence briefer. Three years later, he returned to Indianapolis to manage his family's 604-acre soybean farm, which he still owns.
5. Lugar was elected to the Indianapolis school board in 1964. He was then elected mayor in 1967 and served two terms.
6. In 1974, Lugar unsuccessfully challenged Democratic Sen. Birch Bayh. Two years later, he defeated Democratic Sen. Vance Hartke; Lugar has been re-elected to the U.S. Senate five times.
7. In 1991, Lugar and Georgia Democratic Sen. Sam Nunn introduced a threat reduction program designed to pay Russia and other former Soviet countries to destroy their nuclear weapons. They were subsequently nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize.
8. In 1996, Lugar unsuccessfully sought the Republican nomination for president.
9. Lugar married his wife, Charlene, in 1956. They have four sons and 13 grandchildren.
10. In 2009, Lugar became the most senior Republican in the Senate.
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