WASHINGTON — The Democratic Congress that enacted President Barack Obama's far-reaching health care law and plowed staggering sums into economic relief is at risk Tuesday in an election that promises to shake up the political order across the nation.
Republicans buoyantly forecast a new era of shared governance, two years after Democrats sealed victory in the presidency, the House and the Senate and set about reshaping the agenda in a time of severe recession and war. Democrats did not seriously dispute expectations that they would lose the House this time, even while campaigning through the final hours to stem losses.
His campaign travels over, Obama was giving interviews to radio hosts in Los Angeles, Las Vegas, Chicago, Jacksonville, Milwaukee, Cincinnati, Philadelphia, Honolulu and Miami — mostly cities in states where Democrats are either trailing or in tight re-election bids — for broadcast Tuesday as Americans vote. In one interview he pulled back from earlier remarks calling Republicans "enemies" of Hispanics.
Democrats tend to be strong closers, with a vaunted operation by the party, Obama's organizers and unions to get supporters to voting sites on Election Day. This time, they faced a ground game infused by the tea party, less polished than the other side but full of energy.
The midterm elections are a prime-time test for that loosely knit and largely leaderless coalition, a force unheard of just two years ago. Tea party supporters rattled the Republican establishment in the primaries, booting out several veteran lawmakers and installing more than 70 candidates, nearly three dozen of whom are in competitive races Tuesday.
If successful, that conservative movement could come to Washington as a firewall against expansive federal spending, immigration liberalization and more, as well as a further threat to the historic health care law that Republicans hope somehow to roll back.
In the middle-class Cleveland suburb of Parma Heights, Ohio, on Tuesday morning, nurse-attorney Joanne Sysack, 67, voted amid the pre-dawn darkness and 37-degree temperatures. She said she was hoping for a GOP resurgence to challenge the Obama administration. President Barack Obama won the four church-based precincts by wide margins in 2008.
"I'd like to see a lot of this health care takeover repealed," said Sysack, an independent who voted for John McCain in 2008.
Fred Peck, 48, who works in university campus maintenance, was in an anti-incumbent mood, voting against liberal Democratic Rep. Dennis Kucinich and unhappy with the Obama administration.
"I see nothing changing for the better," said Peck, who voted against Obama two years ago. As for the economy, "I don't see it improving, I really don't," he said.
Peck said his retirement account has dropped in value and his employer recently announced a 20 percent increase in health-care premiums. "I'll be working until I'm 75," he said.
In Thornton, Colo., on Monday, coffee and leftover Halloween candy fueled volunteers at campaign offices of both Senate candidates, Democratic incumbent Michael Bennet and Republican Ken Buck. Republican helper Susan Nalbone, 55, a retired schoolteacher who was phoning voters, said her side was dispirited in 2008. Not now.
"This is more intense," she said. "I know that elections are all important, all a big deal, but this one feels especially important to people."