SEDALIA, Mo. — It's 7:19 p.m., yet Rep. Ike Skelton appears hard at work. "I just voted against the repeal of DADT," Skelton tweets via BlackBerry to alert a few hundred followers to his stance against gays openly serving in the military.
This from a man who didn't have personal computer in his office and displayed photos of himself with former President Harry Truman.
Now at age 78, after more than three decades in Congress, Skelton is going modern.
Facing what may be the most difficult election of his long career, the Democrat from rural Missouri has embraced Twitter, Facebook and YouTube. He's amassing thousands of e-mail addresses. And he has hired a cadre of consultants to manage his message, raise money and dig up political dirt for a campaign blitz that is about four times larger than anything Skelton's ever done, according to an old advisor. [See which organizations donate the most to Skelton.]
With an electorate that appears hostile to the established political order, many longtime members of Congress accustomed to cruise-control campaigns have had to make a choice for this year's midterm elections: get modern or get out.
Wisconsin Democrat David Obey, the third-longest serving current House member, announced last month that he was retiring. Michigan Republican Vern Ehlers opted for retirement instead of a 10th congressional campaign. Sens. Kit Bond of Missouri, George Voinovich of Ohio and Jim Bunning of Kentucky — all veteran lawmakers now in their 70s — also chose to retire.
Others are attempting to adapt by embracing technology that hadn't even been imagined when they first were elected, hiring campaign staffs sooner usual and stockpiling cash instead of giving it away to others.
Florida Republican Bill Young, 79, who has served in Congress half his life, is collecting online contributions for the first time. House Budget Committee Chairman John Spratt of South Carolina, first elected when Ronald Reagan was president, launched a new website, YouTube, Facebook and Flickr sites last fall.
But no one perhaps illustrates the transformation better than Skelton, the Democratic chairman of the House Armed Services Committee who since 1976 has routinely carried about two-thirds of the vote in a district that otherwise favors Republicans. While narrowly carrying Missouri in the last presidential election, Republican John McCain trounced Democrat Barack Obama 60 percent to 38 percent in Skelton's congressional district.
Skelton has prevailed by defending the district's two military bases, backing conservative causes and having regular face-to-face meetings with constituents. He still shakes hands nearly every weekend at small-town diners and Boy Scout ceremonies, and makes sure to buy a pie at community fundraisers. Through Memorial Day, he had attended more than 100 local events. But behind the scenes, Skelton's methods have undergone a makeover.
When he recently hosted his 22nd annual conference for would-be government contractors, Skelton slowly moved through the crowd chatting about people's home towns and shared acquaintances.
"I'm a very hard-core conservative guy, but I like Ike Skelton," said electrician Jim Stuck, among those on hand. "He's old-school."
Yet at that very moment, Skelton was doing a very new-school thing. From his Washington office nearly 900 miles away, a message shot across his Twitter and Facebook pages: "About to kickoff this year's Procurement Conference in Sedalia — a day long meeting to spur small business growth throughout Missouri."
Skelton didn't write or dictate the words. Instead, a pair of 23-year-olds in his congressional office were speaking for him over the Internet.
Skelton's entry into modern politics stemmed from a discussion a year ago with his longtime strategist, Michael Rowan, who warned him about the national mood. The GOP was painting Skelton as liberal for voting with Democratic House leaders.
"We had to raise some money, we had to hire the new people and run a very modern campaign," Rowan said. "He understood."
Last October, Skelton held his first town-hall telephone conference call, where he announced his opposition to the federal health care overhaul legislation. He also has begun an electronic newsletter and his speeches are uploaded to YouTube.
His leading Republican opponents, state Sen. Bill Stouffer and former state Rep. Vicky Hartzler, are using most of the same tactics. Skelton's opponent won't be known until the Aug. 3 primary elections.
Republican consultant Brad Todd says the GOP's chance for taking Skelton's seat depends on the size of the expected Repubican surge this November. If Republicans gain 20 U.S. House seats, Skelton's probably won't be one of them. If Republicans pick up about 50 seats — more than enough to retake the majority — Skelton's seat is likely fall, he said.
But Todd knows it won't be easy. "He's going to make us take it from him," he said.