The United Nations conference is scheduled to begin on Dec. 7, 2009
1. The summit is the 15th annual meeting to review the effectiveness of the United Nations' climate change framework convention, which lays out a cooperative strategy for minimizing global greenhouse gas emissions.
2. The convention was first adopted in Rio de Janeiro on May 9, 1992, and went into effect on March 21, 1994.
3. The convention has been signed by 192 countries.
4. The 1997 Kyoto Protocol was drafted as an addition to the convention, committing those ratifying it to reduce emissions by an average of 5 percent between 2008 and 2012.
5. In 2007, members agreed that the Kyoto agreement would not curb emissions enough and that a new treaty, set to be drafted in Copenhagen, was needed. That new pact has since been postponed, though the conference will go on as scheduled.
6. The current executive secretary overseeing the agreement is Yvo de Boer of the Netherlands.
7. The Danish government has budgeted approximately $62 million to host the conference.
8. Thousands of attendees—including country leaders and representatives, nongovernmental organization workers, and journalists—are expected. Last year's conference in Poznan, Poland, attracted about 9,300 participants.
9. On December 5, the International Union of Railways will sponsor the Climate Express, a 12-hour train ride from Brussels to Copenhagen. On board, experts will discuss the effect of transportation on the environment.
10. The conference will take place in Copenhagen's Bella Center, which at over 75,000 square feet is the country's largest exhibition hall.
- UNFCC Website
- Bella Center Website