The process of selecting among the various schools that offer graduate programs in your area of interest involves factors ranging from the personal to the objective. We want to help you with this process by giving you an independent assessment of the academic quality of programs in your field.
By collecting Best Graduate Schools data annually for the fields of business, education, engineering, law, and medicine, we are able to present the most current figures on enrollment, job placement, faculty, and other critical quality indicators that help you make informed decisions.
In other graduate fields, we usually gather data on a program every four years, asking the experts who teach and direct programs in these fields to evaluate their peer programs.
There are two different ways that we rank graduate programs.
For the five graduate program areas with the largest enrollments—business, education, engineering, law, and medicine—we use a combination of statistical data and expert assessment data. The statistical data we collect include both input and output measures.
Input measures reflect the quality of students, faculty, and other resources brought to the education process. Output measures signal an institution's success in managing that process so graduates achieve desired results, such as passing the bar exam or getting a high-paying job offer.
The expert assessment data for these areas come from surveys of knowledgeable individuals in academia and practitioners in each profession. Survey respondents are asked to rate the programs with which they are familiar on a scale of 1 (marginal) to 5 (outstanding).
Statistical and assessment data are standardized about their means, and standardized scores are weighted, totaled, and rescaled so that the top score is 100 and other scores are expressed as whole percentages of the top score. Schools are then ranked by their rescaled score.
We also rank a variety of programs—including Ph.D. programs in science and social sciences and humanities and programs in health, public affairs, and fine arts—based solely on the peer assessment data from academics involved in that particular field.
For a more general explanation, please read "How U.S. News Calculated the Graduate Schools Rankings." For specific information about how we rank each discipline, see our methodologies page.
We survey all programs in a discipline that meet generally recognized criteria for a professional program in that field. In many fields—business, law, medicine, public affairs, library and information studies, and health—we survey only accredited programs.
Because other programs generally do not have an accrediting body, when we construct surveys in these areas we use available resources, such as the most recent "Survey of Earned Doctorates," and cooperate with organizations and schools to determine which schools are currently offering graduate programs in a field.