It's important to communicate what you've learned from the experience and how you improved (or will), and not make excuses or blame a teacher. A letter of recommendation from the instructor who has witnessed the struggle might do the job best, says Sharon Grice, director of admission operations at Cornell College in Iowa. He or she can talk about your work ethic, study skills and dedication.
When the transcript and test scores don't say everything about potential, the admissions essay can be the place to shine. "I feel like my writing had sway," says Julia Yenco, of Queens, N.Y., who has a passion for communications, but struggled in high school with math, which contributed to her having an overall average of about 2.3.
[Get tips for writing admissions essays.]
After making up a failed math class in summer school and conveying her enthusiasm for reading and writing in her essay and other parts of her application (she detailed, for example, her Saturdays of community service helping younger students with their writing), she was accepted at Hobart and William Smith Colleges in Geneva, N.Y. She finished her first year there this May with a 3.0 average and a campus job writing for the communications office. "I feel like I found my place," she says.
What are some attributes of schools that serve late bloomers well? Counselors suggest looking for programs that ease the transition to college-level work, such as freshman seminars and learning communities, as well as tutoring programs and more than just minimal academic advising.
In the learning communities at schools like the University of Wisconsin—Madison, Temple University in Philadelphia, Washington State University, the University of Utah and Elon University in North Carolina, students with similar academic or other interests live in the same hall, and sometimes take one or more classes together. Being part of a community of learners "where people will know you by name," says O'Connell, can be a really important ingredient of success.
This story is excerpted from the U.S. News “ Best Colleges 2014” guidebook, which features in-depth articles, rankings and data.