"There's a lot of pressure to retain every single student no matter what it takes," said a Florida community college professor interviewed for a study. "We have to report every conference we've had, the outcome, if the student wasn't retained, why, how many efforts were made."
In addition, there's a risk that colleges will narrow their missions to boost performance points.
Some Florida community colleges cut programs that trained students for low-wage jobs, such as childcare provider and nurse assistant, because job placements below $10 an hour don't earn them performance points.
One college closed its Center for Disabilities because its completion and job-placement rates didn't justify the cost.
It's not easy to design a strong PF 2.0 system, Dougherty says. "What's a valid job placement? How do you measure that? It will take a while to work out good measures."
Joanne Jacobs writes Community College Spotlight for The Hechinger Report, an independent nonprofit education news site. Jacobs also blogs about K-12 education and is the author of Our School: The Inspiring Story of Two Teachers, One Big Idea and the Charter School That Beat the Odds.