Debate Club

Entitlement Programs, Not Defense, the Source of Deficit Crisis

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America's debt is now equal to the size of our economy at 100 percent of gross domestic product. This burden must be reduced, and quickly. However, it is a false choice to debate spending cuts from within just one slice of the federal budget.

The primary drivers of our growing debt burden are the "Big 3" entitlements of Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid. Yet as part of the debt ceiling deal that created sequestration when the "super committee" failed, politicians effectively fenced off nearly two thirds of the federal budget and the main source of our overspending.

[See a collection of political cartoons on the budget and deficit.]

Under sequestration, the major entitlements would be cut by only 15 percent whereas non-defense discretionary programs (like welfare) take a hit of 28 percent. The military's budget drops the steepest amount of 43 percent under sequestration. These planned cuts speak clearly to the federal government's priorities. The military, despite all rhetoric to the contrary, is often low on the list of political concerns.

The looming sequestration cuts reinforce a trend prominent in the Obama administration's 2013 budget. Under the current request, taxpayers and the military will disproportionately contribute to deficit reduction. In fact, as the Path to Prosperity blueprint puts it, "Under the President's budget, while all other government agencies enjoy a generous net increase in their allowance, only the federal government's highest priority—defense—is forced to make do with less."

[Check out our collection of political cartoons on defense spending.]

If your family's checkbook was out of order, you would not rush to cut your flood insurance or home security system while you kept on buying new cars every year. But similarly, Congress and the White House continue to target a relatively small portion of the federal budget while ignoring the elephant in the room. As Congress prepares to vote on another debt ceiling increase later this year and the economy is threatened with the possibility of another credit downgrade, policymakers will continue to simply react to the next crisis.

But genuine leadership is not just about reacting; it is about proactively seeking solutions that leave the nation better off for the next generation. Ironically, this abdication of leadership will force irrational and inefficient decisions that ultimately hurt both national security and our economic livelihood.

Mackenzie Eaglen

About Mackenzie Eaglen Fellow at the Marilyn Ware Center for Security Studies at the American Enterprise Institute

deficit and national debt
defense spending
federal budget

Other Arguments

-12 Pts
Commonsense Cuts Will Keep America Safe

Yes – Commonsense Cuts Will Keep America Safe

Brian Darling Senior Fellow at the Heritage Foundation.

-14 Pts
Defense Budget Is Mismanaged

No – Defense Budget Is Mismanaged

Dean Baker Author of 'The End of Loser Liberalism: Making Markets Progressive'

-26 Pts
The Poor Should Not Bear the Burden of a Deficit They Didn't Cause

No – The Poor Should Not Bear the Burden of a Deficit They Didn't Cause

John Gehring Catholic Program Director at Faith in Public Life

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