Debate Club

Balanced Budget Amendment Would Have Prevented Current Mess

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In 1997, after a fierce debate, a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution I introduced was defeated by just one vote in the United States Senate. Fourteen years later, our nation is facing a debt crisis of epic proportions. Our national debt has gone from roughly $5 trillion in 1997 to over $14 trillion today. That's more than $45,000 for every man, woman, and child in America.

And that debt keeps growing. According to Congress' nonpartisan budget scorekeeper, the Congressional Budget Office, the nation's debt could reach an astonishing 90 percent of gross domestic product in less than a decade, with the government spending almost $1 trillion on interest payments alone.

It's no wonder the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Michael Mullen, said, "Our national debt is our biggest national security threat." And the International Monetary Fund recently found that the United States doesn't have a "credible strategy" to confront this looming crisis.

[See a collection of political cartoons on the budget and deficit.]

This situation has only gotten worse under the Obama administration. Over the last two years, discretionary spending has increased by 84 percent, if you include the failed economic stimulus, with spending reaching 25 percent of our nation's economic output—a level not seen since World War II.

In fact, our skyrocketing debt is the number one issue I hear about from the people of my state of Utah, who rightly do not understand why Washington can't make the tough choices they do for their families.

There's no doubt that if Congress had passed a balanced budget amendment over 10 years ago, we wouldn't be in the fiscal wreck we are in today. But that doesn't mean we can't put our nation on a more secure fiscal path by enacting one today. In the Senate, 47 senators are supporting a balanced budget amendment I've introduced that would require the president to submit a balanced budget to Congress every year that limits spending to 18 percent of gross domestic product, and that requires supermajorities in both houses of Congress to raise taxes or increase spending.

In fact, this isn't a novel or new idea. Every state, except Vermont, and countries like Germany and Switzerland all have this common-sense requirement. It's time Washington does as well.

Some ask, why do we need a constitutional amendment—why can't Congress and the White House come together and cut our debt? The answer is simple: This is the only way to force Washington to act. In fact, every grand compromise over the past three decades to tackle our debt has been undone almost immediately after being enacted by Congress, with massive spending increases almost as soon as the ink is dry.

[Read: GOP Frosh Slam "Hypocrisy" from Democrats on Balanced Budget Bill.]

Today, our nation is having a great debate over the size, scope, and shape of our national government—over how much we can afford without forcing future generations to foot the bill. The president is asking Congress to raise our debt limit without putting forward any meaningful proposals to combat our debt. I strongly believe that before we even consider this, the Senate must take up a balanced budget amendment. This kind of strong budgetary reform would put us on a path to fiscal health and would forestall this White House or any future White House from asking the American people to simply greenlight more debt.

A balanced budget amendment makes sense; its time has more than come. Now, Congress must act.

Orrin Hatch

About Orrin Hatch Senior U.S. Senator from Utah

deficit and national debt
federal budget

Other Arguments

59 Pts
Act Now to Prevent a Debt Crisis

Yes – Act Now to Prevent a Debt Crisis

David Primo Senior Scholar at George Mason University's Mercatus Center

-4 Pts
Balanced Budget Amendment a Distraction

No – Balanced Budget Amendment a Distraction

Scott Lilly Senior Fellow at the Center for American Progress

-23 Pts
We Don't Need a Balanced Budget Amendment

No – We Don't Need a Balanced Budget Amendment

Tad DeHaven Budget Analyst on Federal and State Budget Issues for the Cato Institute

-27 Pts
Dangers of a Balanced Budget Amendment

No – Dangers of a Balanced Budget Amendment

Patrick Sharma Postdoctoral Fellow in the Regional Oral History Office of the Bancroft Library at UC Berkeley

-41 Pts
Balanced Budget Amendment Would Cripple U.S. in a Recession

No – Balanced Budget Amendment Would Cripple U.S. in a Recession

Steve Wamhoff Policy Analyst for ITEP and the Legislative Director of Citizens for Tax Justice

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