Debate Club

J.P. Morgan and the Conceptual Confusion of the Volcker Rule

By + More

We have certainly heard a lot about the $2 billion "trading loss" at J.P. Morgan, which is of course not at all the same as the bank experiencing a loss on its bottom line. From the perspective of the corporate profit and loss statement, a trading loss is one expense item in the context of all revenues and expenses. So $2 billion should be compared to the bank's $26.7 billion in pretax profits for 2011, suggesting a reduction of something less than 10 percent in annual profit.

So we have discovered that trading and hedging activities can have losses which somewhat reduce overall profits. Eureka! This ranks with the discovery that if you make loans, some of them will default. Does it justify the partisans of the Volcker Rule which would ban banks from taking proprietary risk positions and make them stick to the "traditional" banking business of making loans?


[Check out a roundup of editorial cartoons on the economy.]

The fatal conceptual confusion of the Volcker Rule is its unstated and false premise that making "traditional" loans is somehow safe and does not involve taking proprietary risk. In fact, as demonstrated by the entire history of banking and finance, making loans—especially in the highly leveraged way "traditional" banks do—is a very risky business indeed.

Every loan is a proprietary risk position taken with the bank's own capital, leveraged by the funds borrowed from depositors and other creditors of the bank. A commercial real estate loan, for example, is a long position in a class of credit risk which over time has caused thousands of banks to fail.

[Check out the U.S. News Economic Intelligence blog.]

Should J.P. Morgan get out of any business which can have losses of $2 billion in a quarter? Well, consider how much in losses on bad loans it has charged off in the last five quarters, from the first quarter of 2011 to the first quarter of 2012: $3.7 billion, $3.1 billion, $2.5 billion, $2.9 billion, and $2.4 billion, per quarter, respectively. Looks like we ought to make them get out of the lending business! Oh, I forgot: the government is encouraging banks to make more loans.

If you want economic growth, you have to take risks. If you take risks, nobody—not the government, not Chairman Paul Volcker, not Chairman Jamie Dimon—can make it so there will be no losses.

Alex Pollock

About Alex Pollock Resident Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute.

JPMorgan Chase

Other Arguments

36 Pts
Did Bank Regulators Miss J.P. Morgan's Risky Behaviors?

No – Did Bank Regulators Miss J.P. Morgan's Risky Behaviors?

James Barth Co-author of 'Guardians of Finance: Making Regulators Work for Us'

10 Pts
J.P. Morgan Was Gambling, Not Hedging

Yes – J.P. Morgan Was Gambling, Not Hedging

Ed Mierzwinski Federal Consumer Program Director at the U.S. Public Interest Research Group

-6 Pts
More Information Is Needed About J.P. Morgan's Loss

No – More Information Is Needed About J.P. Morgan's Loss

Douglas Elliott Fellow in Economic Studies at The Brookings Institution

You Might Also Like

See More